Kamis, 16 November 2017


Hi! Hi! Today, I will share about comparative and superlative adjectives. Let's begin to discuss it, guys.

v  After comparatives, we use than:
-          I am taller than you.
-          It’s cheaper to go by car than to go by train.

v  We use –er for the comparatives of short adjectives and adverbs:
1.      Cheap àcheaper
2.      Hard àharder
3.      Large àlarger
4.      Thin àthinner

v  We prefer –er with some two syllable adjectives, especially adjectives ending in –y.
1.      Lucky àluckier
2.      Funny àfunnier
3.      Easy àeasier
4.      Pretty àprettier

v  We use more…for other two syllable adjective and longer adjectives.
1.      More modern
2.      More serious
3.      More expensive
4.      More comfortable

v  We also use more…for adverbs which end in –ly.
1.      More slowly
2.      More seriously
3.      More quietly
4.      More carefully
Note: We say earlier (not ‘more early’)

v   Before the comparative of adjectives and adverbs, we can use:
1.      A bit
2.      A little
3.      Much
4.      A lot
5.      Far (=a lot)

v  Some adjectives and adverbs have irregular comparative forms.
1.      Good/Well      à Better
2.      Bad/Badly       à Worse
3.      Far                   à Further (or farther)
                                    Further can also mean more or additional.
4.      Old                  àOlder/Elder
    We use elder when we are talking about members of a family. 
    We say (my) elder brother/sister/son/daughter.
    We use elder only before a noun.

v  We can use two comparatives together to say that something is changing continuously.
1.      Harder and harder.
2.      More and more
3.      More and more difficult

v  We use as…..as/not so….as to say something is same.
1.      As old as
2.      As well as

v  We can also use as….as…(but not ‘so….as’) in positive and in questions.

v  We say the same as (not ‘the same like’)

v  We use –est or most….to form the superlative of adjectives and adverbs.

v  -est for shorter words and most….for longer words.
1.   Long àlongest
2.   Hot àhottest
3.   Easy àeasiest
4.   Hard àhardest
5.      Most famous
6.      Most boring
7.      Most difficult
8.      Most expensive

v  Some adjectives and adverbs have irregular superlatives forms
1.      Old àOldest/Eldest
We use eldest when we are talking about the members of a family.
2.      Good àBest
3.      Bad àWorst

v  After superlative, we use in with places (town, building, etc).

v  We also use (the best…) in the class/in the team/in the company, etc.

v  Wes sometimes use most + adjective (without ‘the’) to mean very.

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